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Posts Tagged ‘Deformity’

The diagnosis and context of a facial deformity from an Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Spofforth, North Yorkshire [en]

søndag den 29. september 2013

The diagnosis and context of a facial deformity from an Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Spofforth, North Yorkshire by Elizabeth Craig-Atkins and Geoff Craig. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd (2012)

Abstract
An individual aged between 6 and 7 years at death from a 7th to 9th century cemetery at Village Farm, Spofforth, North Yorkshire, presented significant pathological swelling to the left facial bones. The ectocranial surface was bulbous and uneven, and the expanded diploë was densely packed with a mass of thick trabeculae. Radiographic and histological analysis, in combination with the macroscopically observed pathological changes, supported the differential diagnosis of fibrous dysplasia. The skeletal changes to the left face and jaw would have resulted in a significant facial deformity. Examples of individuals with physical impairments or disfigurements from Anglo-Saxon cemeteries are rare.

Nevertheless, it seems that a significant proportion are afforded unusual burial practices more often associated with deviancy, for example, at the edge of cemeteries or on a reversed orientation, seemingly indicating that their diminished physical capabilities or altered physical appearance had a detrimental effect on their social status. The child from Spofforth was, however, buried in a normative manner, extended, supine and in a plain earth-cut grave, with no indication that their facial deformity had prompted unusual funerary provision. This example of facial disfigurement contributes to a growing corpus of potentially disabled individuals from early medieval England.

Click here to read this article from the International Journal of Osteoarchaeology

Severe rotoscoliosis with gibbus deformity [da]

mandag den 28. januar 2013

Severe rotoscoliosis with gibbus deformity

35 Y/O male with congenital spinal anatomical abnormalities (kyphosis and scoliosis due to formation and segmentation failure). This deformity exaggerated with trauma at childhood.

The left scoliotic curve is angular and the kyphosis is extreme (Gibbus deformity). Bone detail is characteristically confused at the deformity. Multiple formation and segmentation failures with old collapse and compression fractures are noted at T11-L1 levels. Severe rotational deformity also is seen. Spinal canal is narrowed at the angle of the deformity.

Deformity caused by the Chernobyl disaster [da]

onsdag den 26. december 2012

Deformity caused by the Chernobyl disaster

— Scarry effects of nuclear radiation!

[da]

lørdag den 6. oktober 2012

Bilateral goundou on a skeleton of an adolescent

Yaws is almost wiped out as a disease. It is related to syphilis and is caused by a spirochete bacterium, Treponema pallidum pertenue. The development of antibiotics blew out the disease in the developed world and is today only found in humid tropical regions in South America, Africa, Asia and Oceania.

Goundou is a condition following an infection with yaws in which the nasal processes of the upper jaw bone thicken to form two large bony swellings, about 7 cm in diameter, on either side of the nose. The swellings not only obstruct the nostrils but also interfere with the field of vision. Initial symptoms include persistent headache and a bloody purulent discharge from the nose.

Early cases can be treated with injections of penicillin; otherwise surgical removal of the growths is necessary.

Left image, the upper jaw and mandible are deformed by an osteoperiostitis but the rest of the skull is intact.

Right image, the round excrescences caused a major reduction of the visual field and nasal aperture.